Safer roads are common ground
In 2005, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, and Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)—the legislation that MAP-21 replaced—created the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP). Five years later, fatalities hit an all-time low of 33,000.
MAP-21 toughened popular SAFTEA-LU road and work zone policy reforms and doubled funding to almost $5 billion over two years. For example, states must conduct road safety audits annually, identify crashes by functional classifications, set targets for reducing injuries and fatalities, and submit a safety-improvement plan to the U.S. DOT every year. New rules require states to focus specifically on pedestrians and drivers over age 65 if per-capita injuries and fatalities for those two groups increase.
Rural roads are still the most fatal nationwide. MAP-21 eliminated a $90 million HSIP set-aside for High Risk Rural Roads, but created a special rule that requires states to spend a pre-specified amount of HSIP funding on roads and grade crossings where fatalities increase over a two-year period.
- Expected carryover to the next federal surface transportation package? Yes.
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