Every month we will assemble all the online links from the latest issue of PUBLIC WORKS on this page. All you will have to do is click on the links to reach the Web sites, original source material, and supplemental information that will add to the knowledge you gain from the print version of PUBLIC WORKS. You will also find links to exclusive Web content here.Make sure you check back each month for a new set of links. Happy surfing.
A Clean Burn
Environmental concerns make natural gas a natural investment for the right operation.
Although natural-gas vehicles cost more than their diesel versions, fuel is less expensive and much cleaner. Natural gas can cost as little as $2 on a gallon-of-gasoline-equivalency (GGE). Table: www.about.com
|Fuel Type||Unit of Measure||BTUs/Unit||Gallon Equivalent|
|Gasoline (regular)||gallon||114,100||1.00 gallon|
|Diesel #2||gallon||129,500||0.88 gallons|
|Biodiesel (B100)||gallon||118,300||0.96 gallons|
|Biodiesel (B20)||gallon||127,250||0.90 gallons|
|Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)||cubic foot||900||126.67 cu. ft.|
|Liquid Natural Gas (LNG)||gallon||75,000||1.52 gallons|
|Propane (LPG)||gallon||84,300||1.35 gallons|
|Ethanol (E100)||gallon||76,100||1.50 gallons|
|Ethanol (E85)||gallon||81,800||1.39 gallons|
|Methanol (M100)||gallon||56,800||2.01 gallons|
|Methanol (M85)||gallon||65,400||1.74 gallons|
|1.74 gallons||kilowatt hour (Kwh)||3,400||33.56 Kwhs|
For more on converting to natural gas, or to get maps that show natural gas refueling facility locations, visit:
Natural Gas Vehicle Institute
Alternative Fuel Vehicle Institute
Addressable streetlight networks trim energy use and simplify maintenance.
To learn more about Echelon's managed street-lighting networks and power line communication products, go to www.echelon.com.
Echelon's white paper outlining opportunities for increasing street-lighting system efficiency can be downloaded at http://www.echelon.com/solutions/streetlight/documents/Echelon_StreetlightWhitepaper_FINAL.pdf
Information on how Streetlight.Vision software simplifies implementation of a managed street-lighting network is available at www.streetlight-vision.com.
LonMark International, which maintains the LonWorks open-networking platform for machine-to-machine communication, offers background information at www.lonmark.com. For information specifically focusing on its use in street-lighting systems, go to www.lonmark.com/connection/solutions/streetlighting/>.
ROMlight International offers energy-efficient streetlight ballasts with embedded LonWorks power line communication capability. .www.romlightintl.com
Information on energy-saving LED streetlights is available at www.betaled.com and www.cree.com.
Aldis Corporation's programs that use LEDs for traffic signals are described at www.aldiscorp.com.
Several Web resources provide additional background on the Charlesbourg section of Quebec City (Ville de Quebec). The historical site is www.trait-carre.org/Accueil.aspx?page=1178. To learn about the church in the photos, visit /www.trait-carre.org/afficher.aspx?unite=001002, although the official church Web site (in French) is www.votreparoisse.com/saint-charles-borromee/. It includes a photo of the church entrance before the installation of the new streetlights.