In 2004 state-owned mine Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara AB—after finding out that the Swedish city Kiruna was sinking due to the mine—launched a global design competition to move Kiruna, which would completely sink by 2050. The winning architects, from White Arkitekter AB, devised the Kiruna 4 Ever Plan and broke ground on the new city in 2014.
Resident are expected to be moved within two decades, with the government making a film called This Is Kiruna: How to Move a City infrastructural effort necessary to move the city. As far as the move itself:
Only three historical structures will actually be moved—the rest will be “recycled” with their materials reclaimed for use in new construction. There’s also an explanation for how everyone gets re-housed: Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara AB is giving the owners of sinking properties a choice. It will either buy these homes at market value plus 25 percent or offer residents a brand-new home for free in a new part of town.