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Credit: Photo: Neal Shapiro, City of Santa Monica, Calif.

Catch-basin inserts are used in Santa Monica, Calif., to remove trash and debris from stormwater. This and other best management practices are employed to meet federal stormwater requirements.
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Credit: Photo: Neal Shapiro, City of Santa Monica, Calif.

Santa Monica's Virginia Avenue Park parking lot was remodeled using block pavers with small gravel in the gaps in the parking stalls. This made the pavement more pervious and helped absorb stormwater runoff.
Fees all over the map

Average monthly residential fees vary according to location, size of municipality, and maturity of teh stormwater utility. (Source: Black & Veatch 2005 Stormwater Utility Survey

City: Fort Collins, Colo.
Population: 118,652
Monthly user fee: $14.26

City: Portland, Ore.
Population: 529,121
Monthly user fee: $13.30

City: Sacramento, Calif.
Population: 407,018
Monthly user fee: $11.31

City: Austin, Texas
Population: 656,562
Monthly user fee: $6.74

City: Holly Hill, Fla.
Population: 12,119
Monthly user fee: $6.00

City: Des Moines, Iowa
Population: 198,682
Monthly user fee: $5.55

City: Wooster, Ohio
Population: 24,811
Monthly user fee: $4.80

City: Griffin, Ga.
Population: 23,451
Monthly user fee: $3.50

City: Wichita, Kan.
Population: 344,284
Monthly user fee: $1.45

City: San Diego
Population: 1,223,400
Monthly user fee: $0.95

City: St. Louis
Population: 348,189
Monthly user fee: $0.24